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Amid the Coronavirus Threat

Amid the Coronavirus/Covid-19 threat, the world is taking measures to avoid public gatherings or mass events. The Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival is postponed to October in 2020, Austin cancels South by Southwest Festival, NBA and NHL both halt their sport seasons, conventions throughout are either cancelled or rescheduled, and the House also prepares for telework scenarios. People around the globe are at risk and bracing for the worst. Should you then, take that trip you planned months ago? The answer depends on where you’re going and how cautious and knowledgeable you are about the contagion.

As experts point out, testing and isolation, not travel bans, are what we need against Coronavirus. Do take precautions when traveling, though. Equip yourself with updated, accurate information and stay clear of potential contagious sources. There are four travel advisory levels: Level 4 -- do not travel; Level 3 -- reconsider travel; Level 2 -- exercise increased caution; and Level 1 -- exercise normal precautions. The countries listed below require particular caution if/when you’re travelling.

As of March 12, 2020, countries that are now under the category of Level 4: Do Not Travel, include China and Iran, according to the Department of State’s travel advisory. Other non-coronavirus risk indicators, including terrorism, kidnapping, and armed conflict involve: Haiti, Iraq, Mali, Central African Republic, Venezuela, Yemen, South Sudan, Burkina Faso, Syria, Somalia, Afghanistan, North Korea, and Libya.

Italy, South Korea, and Mongolia are at Level 3 -- Reconsider Travel. Italy and Iran are among the countries with the largest numbers of cases outside Asia. Other non-coronavirus risk indicators, including terrorism, kidnapping, and armed conflict involve: Pakistan, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Niger, Nigeria, Lebanon, Guinea-Bissau, Chad, Sudan, Honduras, and Nicaragua.

Japan, Hong Kong, Macau listed at Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution. Other non-coronavirus risk indicators, including crimes, civil unrest, and arbitrary enforcement of local laws involve: Ukraine, Guinea, Russia, Serbia, Timore-Leste, Brazil, Costa Rica, Bolivia, Nepal, Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Mauritania, South Africa, Belgium, Mexico, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, The Bahamas, Tajikistan, Dominica, Cuba, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, Spain, Papua New Guinea, Myanmar (Burma), El Salvador, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Malawi, Ethiopia, Cote d’lvoire, Uruguay, Netherlands, Madagascar, Egypt, Denmark, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sri Lanka, Germany, Kosovo, Guyana, Zimbabwe, Maldives, United Kingdom, Republic of the Congo, Jamaica, Dominican Republic, Uganda, Trinidad and Tobago, Philippines, Kenya, Colombia, Cameroon, Bangladesh, Algeria, Morocco, France, India, Guatemala, Turks and Caicos Islands, Eritrea, Antarctica, Belize, Tunisia, Israel, and Jordan.

Countries listed at Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions are: Thailand, Palau, Solomon Island, Micronesia, Luxembourg, Australia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Poland, Croatia, Canada, The Kyrgyz Republic, Samoa, Armenia, Zambia, Namibia, Lesotho, Eswatini, Botswana, North Macedonia, Seychelles, Mauritius, Fiji, The Gambia, Rwanda, Equatorial Guinea, Cabo Verde, Bulgaria, Austria, New Zealand, French Guiana, Djibouti, Tonga, Kiribati, Ireland, Brunei, Belarus, Suriname, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Laos, Finland, Norway, Andorra, Hungary, Cyprus, Romania, Estonia, Slovakia, Latvia, Moldova, Ghana, Albania, Greece, Malta, Czech Republic, Iceland, Lithuania, Portugal, Benin, Togo, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain, Saint Kitts and Nevis, British Virgin Islands, Anguilla, Panama, Comoros, Turkmenistan, Saint Lucia, Malaysia, Georgia, Angola, Kazakhstan, Nauru, New Caledonia, Sweden, French Polynesia, Vanuatu, Barbados, Saint Vincent and The Grenadines, Montserrat, Antigua and Barbuda, Tuvalu, Grenada, French West Indies, Mozambique, Bhutan, Paraguay, Sao Tome and Principle, Gabon, Sint Maarten, Curacao, Cayman Islands, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Bermuda, Aruba, Liberia, Cambodia, Vietnam, Taiwan, Singapore, Uzbekistan, Marshall Islands, and Argentina.

Coronavirus spreads through respiratory droplets through proximity, contact, and the surfaces upon which the droplets land -- like airplane seats and tray tables. The University of Chicago Medicine defines exposure as being withi