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$1.3B Border Barrier Spending to Avert Government Shutdown


Embraced by Trump, a border wall spending deal averted another round of government shutdown. CNN lists what entails in the spending:

  • $1.375 billion will cover roughly 55 miles of new barrier strategically placed -- including parts of the Rio Grande Valley, which had been a priority for the White House.

  • The 55 miles is twice the amount allocated in the last spending agreement, but 10 miles less than the bipartisan Senate Homeland Security funding bill from 2018 that Trump rejected.

  • The language and restrictions on the barrier itself are similar to what lawmakers have proposed in the past -- and had rejected by the President. This falls short of the 200 miles of steel-and-concrete wall/$5.7 billion that Mr. Trump demanded.

  • Also, the deal prohibits the use of concrete walls. Only "existing technologies" for border barriers can be built. Bollard fencing is the most likely material to be used for any new barrier, aides say, but steel slats previously proposed, are technically an option.

  • Democrats view detention beds as harsh and needlessly aggressive. Republicans view the detention beds as central to limiting the ability of detained undocumented immigrants from being released into the US as they await hearings. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) will provide enough money for 42,774 adult and 2,500 child beds with the goal of reducing that number to approximately 40,250 by the end of September.

  • The White House has the ability to move some money in the bill without a congressional blessing in order to provide more money for the wall or more detention beds. Thus, the total number of beds could go as high as 52,000, though there is no technical limit on the amount.

  • The Democrats' demand for a cap on interior detention beds, at 16,500, was dropped in the final agreement.

  • Overall spending for the Department of Homeland Security increases to $1.7 billion, primarily for technology, ports of entry security, customs officers and humanitarian aid.

The deal secured Trump’s consent as he hinted that he has “’options that most people don’t understand’ to build his border wall without congressional approval.” Meanwhile, democrats and Republicans on the House-Senate panel showed willingness to compromise, not far apart on a plan to fund the Department of Homeland Security in order to boost personnel, technology and other efforts of securing the Southwest border.

13亿美元的边境围墙预算将避免政府再度关闭

在川普的支持下,边境墙支出协议将得以避免另一度之政府关闭。 CNN列出了预算所包括的细节内容:

•13.75亿美元将覆盖大约55英里的战略性新围墙 - 包括里奥格兰德河谷的部分地区,这是白宫先前所定的重要地带。

•55英里的长度是先前支出协议中所分配数量的两倍,但比川普于2018年所拒绝的两党参议院国土安全基金法案少10英里。

•围墙议案的语言和限制与立法者先前提出的相似 - 但当时遭总统之拒绝。此案比川普先生所要求的57亿美元之200英里的钢筋混凝土墙差距可见。

•此外,该协议禁止使用混凝土墙,只允许采用“现有技术”来建造边境围墙。内部人士表示,系柱护栏是最常用于任何新护栏的材料,但川普先前提出的钢板条 - 在技术上也是一种选择。

•民主党人认为拘留床是苛刻和不必要的。共和党人则认为拘留床能限制被拘留的无证移民在等待听证会时被释放到美国。移民和海关执法局(ICE)将为42,774张成人床和2,500张儿童床提供足够的资金,目标是到9月底将这一数字减少到大约40,250张。

•白宫有能力在没有国会赞成的情况下转移一些钱,以便为隔离墙或更多的拘留床提供更多的资金。因此,拘留床的总数可能高达52,000,而且并无数量上的限制。

•民主党人对拘留床上限所作的要求为16,500,在此最终协议中已取消。

•国家安全居的总支出增加为17亿美元,该资金主要将用于技术,入境安全,海关官员和人道援助。

这笔预算得到了川普的同意,然而他也暗示他“具有大多数人无法理解的选择机会”,将能不经国会批准而建立自己意想的边界墙。在此同时,众议院和参议院的民主党人和共和党人表示愿意妥协,计划为国家安全局提供资金以促进人员技术,并执行其他保护西南边境的努力方案。

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